The End Of Email Reading Answers Test 6

Super Grammar Ninja - If you've got a keyboard in front of you, check out this free web-based language arts review video game. A verified classroom set. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. READING COMPREHENSION PRACTICE TEST PRACTICE QUESTIONS The front page of this booklet provides practice examples to show you what the questions on the real test are like. I show you how you can answer IELTS questions with explanations. Are you looking for a 6th grade math test that you can take online? The following links provide free access to different tests and quizzes suitable for 6th grade students. Key stage 2 tests: 2017 English reading test materials - GOV. Put the correct punctuation mark at the end of each sentence. Homosexuality would be increasingly evident at the end of the age (2 Timothy 3:3) 3. com - the #1 chess community with +20 million members around the world. We're working with educators and institutions to improve results for students everywhere. These high-stakes tests evaluate your competency in areas of reading, writing, and mathematics. HOSA members are encouraged to take full advantage of the HOSA Competitive Events Program, a constantly expanding and improving series of health care related competitive events. When you reach the end of the test, there is a review screen that allows you to go back to any passage and check, add, or change your answers. With a unique URL, you can respond in Chatter, email, in the communities, etc. AFTER THE TEST If the instructor reviews the exam in class, make sure you attend. §20-2-281, mandates that the State Board of Education adopt end-of-course assessments for core courses to be determined by the Board. READING and USE of ENGLISH PART FIVE - MULTIPLE CHOICE. In this lesson, students complete the Mid-Unit 2 Assessment, reading a new excerpt from My Librarian Is a Camel, answering selected response and short answer questions about the text, and determining the main idea of the text (RI. Experience this tool's updated look and features by visiting the Lexile & Quantile Hub - new home to all our Lexile and Quantile tools. Therefore, just as a parent should focus more on a toddler’s motor skills than on his or her social skills, the. pdf Test # 7 Select All Test. The EOCTs serve as a student's final exam in the associated course. See the updates to the 2019–2020 Student Assessment testing calendar. Genetics visitors, We’re asking for your help. The SAT assesses how well you analyze and solve problems; skills you learned in school that you'll need in college. are allowed to mark up the Reading passages in their Test Book. Fill in the answer sheet as you go. Earn unlimited 1. Suitable for low or mixed ability pupils. Sample test items and practice tests Both sample items and practice tests allow students to view and answer test questions that are like those that could appear on state tests. Click Show Materials. How to prepare for IELTS Reading 2 Details of the Reading Test Procedure of the test The reading module is the second test you do on the test day. If you can’t find the information you want, then post me a question at the bottom of the page. Test Your Skills. Take Grade 5 Test Take English B Test. strict test Strict test mode One try to answer. The images of the reading passages and questions in this document reflect how they appear in the online version of the test. Part 2 (Question. You'll find a variety of fun third grade worksheets to print and use at home or in the classroom. The standards identified in the Study/Resource Guides address a sampling of the state-mandated content standards. The B2 First Reading and Use of English paper is in seven parts and has a mix of text types and questions. Answer Explanations SAT Practice Test #3. 9 The student will determine the correct meaning of words with multiple meanings in context. You are very wrong. Make sure you move swiftly from one page to the next so that your practice is as realistic as possible. Your test administrator or teacher will now take you through these. We write our name at the end. Advertisements. Reading Comprehension DIRECTIONS This practice test contains one reading selection with two multiple-choice questions and one open-response question. And about six months after that, I started hearing from high school students. , the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the. Visit AceReader. In IELTS exam will I get 10 minutes at the end of the Reading test to transfer my answers to the answer sheet?. Home Page Title Page Contents!! ""! "Page 6 of 290 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit 1 The Sound of the Shell The boy with fair hair lowered himself down the last few feet of rock and. Reading and Literature Office of Assessment and Information Services 2011-2013 Sample Test, Grade 5 Oregon Department of Education 6 August 2011 work the orchards again to help keep the moisture in the ground. Can you please pass the salt? 6. Nearpod is an award-winning student engagement platform with ready-to-run interactive lessons for K-12 teachers. To read our updated cookie policy, please click here. This is your Practice Reading Test Answer Section. After reading, there are questions for you to answer. The glossary at the end of the Code provides a concise description of some of the terms used in the ACA Code of Ethics. The questions in this section are based on the story or article in your practice Reading Section (above). Senior Pictures. Islam Question & Answer is a site that aims to provide intelligent, authoritative responses to anyone's question about Islam Wednesday 17 Ṣafar 1441 - 16 October 2019 English. So for example you can have Monday or monday. Here's how it works: We gather information about your online activities, such as the searches you conduct on our Sites and the pages you visit. An open-ended question is designed to encourage a full, meaningful answer using the subject's own knowledge and/or feelings. Install the Flubaroo add-on in the associated Google Spreadsheet. Below are answers to frequently asked questions and information about IELTS reading. Sure you need to use reading skills like skimming and scanning but, lots of people have done really well on the IELTS test without practicing these skills. Our innovative ATT courses blend tutor led and workshop sessions to provide students with an interactive learning experience. Do you have your homework? 2. Put the correct punctuation mark at the end of each sentence. Access thousands of high-quality, free K-12 articles, and create online assignments with them for your students. Get corrections from Grammarly while you write on Gmail, Twitter, LinkedIn, and all your other favorite sites. Answer all the questions of the test; Stay active in the test window. IELTS Reading Practice. Read the directions on the back cover. b The sociological perspective is an approach to understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context. Classical enneagram test. ELA-Literacy. KENNETH's performance on this test is reported and interpreted in the following table and chart. Click here: TFNG Kiwi Reading Practice The answer is found in this sentence: The kiwi is an endangered species that was once counted. Raising test scores is a goal at the top of all principals' lists. The correct answer is C. The printable worksheets include second grade appropriate reading passages and related questions. AP Exam Readers are thoroughly trained, and their work is monitored throughout the Reading for fairness and consistency. We will have recess at 1:30 today. Help your child revise in preparation for the May assessments with our practice papers, written in the style of the 'SPAG' test. When to Study Test Taking Review tools Notes 3X5 CARDS Types of Test Questions Multiple Choice True-False Essay Collect Related Materials: Keeping a file of information related to the course increases your knowledge of the subject and provides resources when it comes time to write papers or answer essay questions. Each question will ask you to select an answer from among four choices. Marvin cannot wait to get home and tell his parents about his day. This Code of Conduct applies to all users of the Microsoft Community. Close read-worthy texts include enough complex ideas worthy of exploring and discussing to sustain one or more days of instruction. At the end of this video, I show you some words which would be important for you to remember. Georgia Milestones combines the subject matter found on the reading CRCT, ELA CRCT, and writing assessment into one test, the language arts exam. Students should not be allowed to use "transliteration" fonts to complete the AAPPL. These comprehensive A to Z guides will teach you how to tackle common problems and perform important tasks in your classroom and your career. Beware of fake SARS jobs on Facebook and refund emails claiming to be from SARS. Wearing proper clothing and footwear is a basic tip 8. The password to access the protected tests and answer keys is: ReadersProtect. waterstones. Do you want pizza for lunch? 4. Your references section will come at the end of your discussion post, and may look something like this: Curiosity and Motivation "Making students more curious" by Willingham (2014), posits the problem of getting kids to engage in their learning is not a matter of attention capacity but a willingness to deploy attention. Study Island Cheats Hack Answer Key 2018. Critical reading of assignments leads to skills in other types of reading and writing. Our extensive question and answer board features hundreds of experts waiting to provide answers to your questions, no matter what the subject. com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want Go science math history literature technology health law business All Topics. You’ll do hands-on laboratory work to investigate natural phenomena. grade spans. Education Galaxy helps students master North Carolina's Standard Course of Study to prepare students for the End-of-Grade test administered by North Carolina Schools. This is your Practice Reading Test Answer Section. Our Short Vowel Spelling app does this with short vowels, starting with word families, moving to short vowel words with one blend or digraph and then challenging kids. b The sociological perspective is an approach to understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context. READING and USE of ENGLISH PART FIVE - MULTIPLE CHOICE. A released-item answer key is provided for each ePAT. Here is a snap from an online book Speed Reading - Harness Your Computer's Power to T. Instant access to millions of Study Resources, Course Notes, Test Prep, 24/7 Homework Help, Tutors, and more. School Specialty Curriculum groups are lead by EPS (Educators Publishing Service) for literacy, RTI, vocabulary, and common core reading solutions. Toggle navigation IELTS Academic Reading test 8. It can be either directly quoted or indirectly conveyed and is an important aspect of communication. Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of Shakespeare. When checking answers in my classes I ensure that by the end of this stage, every student is clear about what the correct answers are. Teaching kids words that have blends and digraphs at the beginning AND end of words. ANSWER KEY. I sometimes watch movies with my friends. Note: End-of-course subjects are those subjects that can be taken by students in multiple grade levels. These online tests are designed to work on computers, laptops, iPads, and other tablets. If you feel your class are at quite a low level, look out for the Extra support ideas in the. Practice Example 1 The clown pulled silly faces to make the children laugh. Find all the information for your next step. When you see these signs, you know that winter is near. (? w) in Tcl makes the caret and dollar match only at the start and the end of the subject string, and prevents the dot from matching line breaks. GRADE 6 MATHEMATICS—RELEASED FORM 8 This is the end of the calculator inactive test questions. It is how we discover new things. 9% of dangerous emails before they reach you. The EOG and State Common Core Standards Tests are standardized tests given to students in grades 3 through 12. You may go back to the Reading Section to help you answer the questions. If you can’t find the information you want, then post me a question at the bottom of the page. The exercises are directly modeled after the End-of-Grade Test. Reading develops the imagination. You can always email me your child's test results if in doubt. The curriculum is implemented in K-3 classrooms through both teacher and software-led instruction. The images of the reading passages and questions in this document reflect how they appear in the online version of the test. Politics Media & News Social Trends Religion Internet & Tech Science Hispanics Global Methods Blog About Follow My Account DONATE. Lent is a season of prayer and fasting before Easter. Then continue to the next text and do the same thing. READING TEST In the Reading test, you will read a variety of texts and answer several different types of reading comprehension questions. Our workshop sessions afford students the opportunity to apply their skills to exam style scenarios earlier on in the course, building exam confidence well in advance of the revision stage. There is no time, unlike in the listening test, at the end to transfer answers so you have to write your answers directly onto the answer sheet. Genetics website has provided engaging, multimedia educational materials at no cost. Secondly user input (when done manually) is usually line based (ie the input buffer is not flushed until they hit return). Elementary and middle school students take the new tests at the end of the school year in the core subjects of language arts, math, science, and social studies. CCNA1 Chapter 10 Exam Answer 2016 v5. The events are intended for small dogs. Barnes & Noble’s online bookstore for books, NOOK ebooks & magazines. In such cases, we use a different format: Portable Document Format (PDF). Read about social housing in Britain and answer the questions. Example Grid for NC Check-Ins Mathematics Grades 6-8 (pdf, 94kb) This is an example of a grid on an answer sheet used to record responses to the gridded response items. The correct answers are: 21) Right 22) Wrong 23) Doesn't say 24) Right 25) Right 26) Right 27) Wrong Your answer has been saved. For all questions: † Read each passage. (? p) in Tcl makes the caret and dollar match at the start and the end of each line, and makes the dot match line breaks. Click Image to Enlarge : Choose a title to see the story and exercises. This question has two parts. Standards-based Tests in Spanish (STS), criterion-referenced tests aligned to the California content standards for reading/language arts and mathematics. Wearing proper clothing and footwear is a basic tip 8. Signs of Change 1 Jason knelt and examined the winter grass on the baseball field. He's also on Twitter and Instagram. Example: My name is Peter. IELTS Reading Practice. This information may be used to deliver advertising on our Sites and offline (for example, by phone, email and direct mail) that's customized to meet specific interests you may have. Let's get high score in IELTS. Send out the form to your students so they can take the assessment. Education Galaxy helps students master North Carolina’s Standard Course of Study to prepare students for the End-of-Grade test administered by North Carolina Schools. Leaders of pet organizations plan the Barkitecture events. Access thousands of high-quality, free K-12 articles, and create online assignments with them for your students. Name _____ Score _____ Following Directions. EduTyping is a revolutionary web-based software for teaching keyboarding to students. Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of Shakespeare. The total is 171 points. C A question mark is used to end an interrogative sentence, that is, at the end of a direct question which requires an answer. Google Earth is the most photorealistic, digital version of our planet. Drunk driving constantly, beating his wife, torturing animals, etc. Testing - 4707 Testing interview questions and 17850 answers by expert members with experience in Testing subject. Jan 25, 2008. You’ll do hands-on laboratory work to investigate natural phenomena. Click on the +sign to open your selection. IELTS Reading Practice. Some constructed response questions ask for more than one answer. , a wholly-owned, independently-operated subsidiary of Educational Testing Service, is a K–12 assessment solutions provider focused on building a bridge between learning and accountability and raising expectations about what it means to be an assessment partner. Now in the chrysalis it sleeps, After weaving a silken home. This practice test shows what each session of the spring 2014 grade 6 transitional English language arts assessment is like. An actual ACT Reading Test contains 40 questions to be answered in 35 minutes. an Entry test • a test for each File of New English File Pre-intermediate • an End-of-course test The Entry test The Entry test is an optional test which covers some of the key Grammar and Vocabulary points from New English File Pre-intermediate. Education Galaxy's preparation program provides online assessment and practice for students in Grades K-6 to help build mastery towards North Carolina's Standard Course of. This brief online course, developed by the Study Advice team, aims to give you the best possible preparation for studying at university level and is exclusively available to University of Reading students. You’ll do hands-on laboratory work to investigate natural phenomena. Grade 3 ELA Test Item Specifications Spring 2015 Grade 4 ELA Test Item Specifications [PDF] Grade 5 ELA Test Item Specifications [PDF] Grade 6 ELA Test Item Specifications [PDF] Grade 7 ELA Test Item Specifications [PDF] Grade 8 ELA Test Item Specifications [PDF] Source: Assessment and Testing. The Half Life of Caffeine How long will caffeine be in my system? Caffeine has become the hot-topic of the moment. Best answer: When two parties to any debate/conversation are being rational, then it is productive. pdf Test # 5 Reading for Meaning Test 1. The Placement Test consists of 50 items testing grammar and vocabulary presented and practised over the whole range of the Outcomes series. When we say Output, it means to display some. carry one mark. The Oxford Test of English B is an online computer-delivered test designed for students at B1 and B2 levels of the Common European Framework of Reference. Receive free shipping with your Barnes & Noble Membership. The State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR tests) are standardized tests taken by most Texas public school students in spring of each year during grades 3-12. Read more details about the Testmasters Score Improvement Guarantee for each test. Our TEAS exam practice tests require no registration, and best yet, are completely free! The questions are categorized based on the TEAS exam outline and are immediately scored at the end of the quiz. Home Page Title Page Contents!! ""! "Page 6 of 290 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit 1 The Sound of the Shell The boy with fair hair lowered himself down the last few feet of rock and. Third Grade English, Reading, Science, History, and Social Studies Worksheets. It sounds like you are trying to do the right thing, but unfortunately have been manipulated by the Democrat leaders into believing that people who vote differently are evil. You are assuming all right wingers and trump supporters hate all those people. I’ll be mixing in some more difficult questions this time. Jan 25, 2008. READING PASSAGE 1. Department of Defense Education Activity. Some tests, like the Nelson Denny, is primarily reading comprehension. STEM Cases, Handbooks and the associated Realtime Reporting System are protected by US Patent No. 7/2/19 The ISBE has postponed the September 2019 launch of 10 redeveloped ILTS tests until summer 2020. Access thousands of high-quality, free K-12 articles, and create online assignments with them for your students. Also, only use registered Tax Practitioners, ask for the registration number and verify online, read more. On the following pages are passages and multiple-choice questions for Grade 6 Reading Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability (NeSA). With over 6,500 answers to frequently asked Bible questions published online, approximately 80% of the questions we are asked already have answers available to you instantly. The entire Reading test will last 75 minutes. Now — ready to learn how to end an email for every possible professional context you could find yourself in? Read on for our favorite tips & tricks. However the KS3 tests are useful to track the progress of children and are often used in schools, particularly during end of year exams. Build more meaningful and lasting relationships and connect with your customers across sales, customer service, marketing, communities, apps, analytics, and more using our Customer Success Platform. Part 2 (Question. Directions: 1. In total 13 questions, 4 questions are TRUE-FALSE-NOT GIVEN form, 6 questions are Matching Information form, 3 questions are Plan, map, diagram labelling form. Our TEAS exam practice tests require no registration, and best yet, are completely free! The questions are categorized based on the TEAS exam outline and are immediately scored at the end of the quiz. After getting 0ff to a 6-of-11 start for 37 yards and an interception against the Giants last week, Keenum was benched. McGraw-Hill's "Connect" is a web-based assignment and assessment platform that helps you connect your students to their coursework and to success beyond the course. Use a pencil. The audio recordings of all oral arguments heard by the Supreme Court of the United States are available to the public at the end of each argument week. I rarely answer the phone too as I get 1 important call every 6 months and in those cases most people send an email after: "Hi, we're looking for someone for a contract". Section 3 — Reading Comprehension. These Free EOG Practice Questions were written by the Common Core Standards Testing Experts at TestingMom. Web Links & Resources: At Reading Matters is a look at The Giver, along with some other novels you might want to read. On the following pages are passages and multiple-choice questions for Grade 6 Reading Practice Test, a practice opportunity for the Nebraska State Accountability (NeSA). We offer free online GED practice tests with immediate scoring. These Free EOG Practice Questions were written by the Common Core Standards Testing Experts at TestingMom. First, listen to the audio. Examinees read a variety of short passages on academic subjects. End-of-the-Year Test Grade 5 Answer Key Instructions to the teacher: My suggestion for points per item is as follows. You need a browser that supports FRAMES for this activity. Review your answers thoroughly when you are done. Kaplan Test Prep offers test preparation, practice tests and private tutoring for more than 90 standardized tests, including SAT, GRE, GMAT, LSAT, USMLE & NCLEX. Refer to the chart at the bottom of the page for suggested grade placement within the K12 curriculum. It is the opposite of a closed-ended question, which encourages a short or single-word answer. These activities may extend the concepts in the lesson, offer an historical or multicultural look at the. You may go back to the Reading Section to help you answer the questions. I am told by many of you that I must forgive and so I shall after an Indian woman puts her shoulder to the Grand. And get a Mile-for-Mile match at the end of your first year – with no annual fee. You are encouraged to answer as many questions as possible within the time allowed. Your answers are meant to represent how well can you process and filter information. grade spans. The State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR tests) are standardized tests taken by most Texas public school students in spring of each year during grades 3-12. Elementary and middle school students take the new tests at the end of the school year in the core subjects of language arts, math, science, and social studies. Marvin cannot wait to get home and tell his parents about his day. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires that covered non-exempt employees receive at least the minimum wage and at least one and one-half times their regular rates of pay for hours worked over 40 in a workweek. EverFi has 9 modules with pre and. Visit the Student Accessibility Resources and Test Settings web page. Flipped - Grade 6 - Reading Standards Assessment Part I - Teacher Answer Key Grade 6 The assessment should be taken as an open-book test. Pick one of our MAP 8th Grade Reading practice tests now and begin!. By using these materials, students will become familiar with the types of items and response formats they may see on a computer-based test. Discovery Education is the global leader in standards-based digital curriculum resources for K–12 classrooms worldwide. READING COMPREHENSION PRACTICE TEST PRACTICE QUESTIONS The front page of this booklet provides practice examples to show you what the questions on the real test are like. This means that questions either increase or decrease in difficulty, depending on the student's previous answers. The child reads words printed without spaces and. Quabarl while. Creators of new Wizarding World digital projects. Some constructed response questions ask for more than one answer. Access released test questions in multiple formats. Genetics visitors, We’re asking for your help. 9% of dangerous emails before they reach you. Explore our free Scholastic printables and worksheets for all ages that cover subjects like reading, writing, math and science. Homosexuality would be increasingly evident at the end of the age (2 Timothy 3:3) 3. A long test does have drawbacks. Teachers Test Prep specializes in Praxis, CSET, CBEST, CPACE, RICA, edTPA, and FTCE exam preparation. Read a text, then answer the quiz. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with Free-Test-Online. Instead of a simple word like dump , work on reading and spelling words like stump or thump. American Book Company is your home for an expansive resource providing detailed, powerful, and specific educational and test prep content for state and national curriculum for your needs in the classroom and tutoring along with online testing that is accessible on all devices. These reading comprehension worksheet answers are affiliated with the article, so they won't really make much sense by themselves. EverFi has 9 modules with pre and. Choose the correct answer for each question. I repeat these statements once or twice during the semester, and I repeat. @johnfaig. Also available as podcast, newsletter, and on the finest social networks. Some recently asked US Department of Veterans Affairs interview questions were, "Goals" and "What are your strengths and weaknesses?". You are encouraged to answer as many questions as possible within the time allowed. Click Go! next to any of the studies below to get started. With a modest 33% increase in your reading speed you would be reading at words per minute and you would save 15 minutes per hour of reading. Homosexuality would be increasingly evident at the end of the age (2 Timothy 3:3) 3. com is Canada's largest online news site. Toolkits Access exclusive toolkits full of useful fliers, infographics, presentations, and more to help you navigate complex Medicare topics. The total is 171 points. (? w) in Tcl makes the caret and dollar match only at the start and the end of the subject string, and prevents the dot from matching line breaks. You do not need to register for the tests. Assessment Briefs Assessment Briefs and other publications that contain information about the North Carolina End-of-Grade tests of reading. Can I get an answer key for ple. iLEAP Practice Test—Grade 6 Math. Available for Pre-Algebra, Algebra 1, Geometry, Algebra 2, Precalculus, and Calculus. The Answer Keys and Scoring Rubrics, used to score student responses, are located on pages 41 to 44. After getting 0ff to a 6-of-11 start for 37 yards and an interception against the Giants last week, Keenum was benched. Make sure you answered all questions, never leaving one blank. What is the End-of-Course Assessment? The Education Code in the Florida Statutes mandates that public school students take the statewide, standardized End-of-Course (EOC) assessment that correlates with the EOC course in which they are enrolled. Nursing Entrance Test generally have a reading comprehension component as do most College Entrance Exams. The statements below are from the Declaration of Independence. A from_what value of 0 measures from the beginning of the file, 1 uses the current file position, and 2 uses the end of the file as the reference point. Visit the Student Accessibility Resources and Test Settings web page. Test results not showing in MAP Growth reports How to add or modify users in the MAP Suite How to exclude test events from MAP Growth Reports available by role Which reports show tests taken outside the test window? Get a feed for this content. All trademarks are property of their respective owners. com to learn more. And, of course, the dogs can test out the different houses. When you have completed all four parts of the Listening test you will have ten minutes to copy your answers on to a separate answer sheet. Help with awarding a best answer Upload failed. , the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the. Your results on the CUNY Assessment Tests can determine whether or not you can enroll in credit-bearing courses directly, or if you must first take non-credit. You will also be able to follow a link to a page which will estimate your level compared to several international English exams (PET, FCE, CAE, CPE, IELTS, TOEFL); and the Council of Europe language assessment scale. Test your knowledge of questions and answers. Use SurveyMonkey to drive your business forward by using our free online survey tool to capture the voices and opinions of the people who matter most to you. The Rufous Hare-Wallaby reading practice test has 13 questions belongs to the Nature & Environment subject. Many wars would erupt (Matthew 24:6) 6. If you decide to change one of your answers, be sure to erase the first mark completely. 391,741 likes · 1,107 talking about this. When she first went to Canada, she never would have imagined that she would end up staying there. Education Galaxy's preparation program provides online assessment and practice for students in Grades K-6 to help build mastery towards North Carolina's Standard Course of. Best answer: I used to know a guy who was in and out of jail for most of his life. 100 IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics in 2016 & 2017 & Sample Answers by IELTS Material After completing Part One (usually after 4-5 minutes) the examiner will move onto Part Two of the speaking test. com help you discover designer brands and home goods at the lowest prices online. Part 2 (Question. Bible Questions Answered. (Preamble) We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. WRITING AN INFORMAL E-MAIL or LETTER - 3 - www. Click Image to Enlarge : Choose a title to see the story and exercises. Stand up and call out the answer to number 6. Then, about two years in, the nature of those missives changed. The tarot can provide an awesome glimpse of how this connection is unfolding, and you don't need to be a card expert to delve into things, either. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: