Aptitude Questions On Latitude And Longitude

parallel to longitude lines. There are many geospatial data sets that contain data with coordinates in latitude and longitude in units of degrees. Both latitude and longitude are measured in units called degrees and minutes ('). Best Answer: Interesting, but vague. Longitude and Latitude: Attempt the questions of Geography, these are important and selected questions which you should prepare and practice. When looking at a map, latitude lines run horizontally. latitude equator is axis range is 0 to 90 how far north or south x-axis longitude prime meridian is axis range is 0 to 180 how far east or west y-axis latitude prime meridian is axis range is 0 to 90 how far north or south y-axis longitude equator is axis range is 0 to 180 how far east or west x-axis 3. The values need to appear in separate columns. Ghana is the country closest to the theoretical center of the Earth. Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth's surface can be determined and described. Converting pixel coordinates to latitude and Learn more about latitude and longitude of pixels. X is a point on latitude 28. To locate exact places on the earth, one must look at a. Also create index on Latitude, Longitude in RetailOutlet table. Some of the worksheets displayed are Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude, Name date map skills using latitude and longitude, Longitude and latitude, Latitude longitude and hemispheres, Finding your location throughout the world, G4 u1 l1 lesson 1. 1- Take very first latitude and longitude , assume it center latitude-longitude and create a square of 300 X 300 foot around this. (b) Now the latitude: At the equator, the latitude is mapped to the y-axis by the same factor as you used for the longitude. How to get. Exam Name: Longitude and Latitude QUESTIONS: Description: Longitude and Latitude QUESTIONS and Answers exams contains the questions from various competitive exams. Latitude and Longitude Finder to find GPS coordinates, my location or where am I right now including my address, current latitude and longitude. Therefore, we are looking for what exists at the location where the Equator and the Prime Meridian cross each other. Latitude & Longitude: Which is Which? What is the difference between latitude and longitude? Students—and adults—often have difficulty remembering which lines are the flat lines that run across the globe parallel to the equator and which are the lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. The minimum value or degree is 0° latitude and the maximum is 180°. Latitude and Longitude by Shawna Dunham | Feb 10, 2017 Because it is possible to have multiple tax jurisdictions within the same ZIP code, the most accurate method for geocoding taxes is by using latitude and longitude coordinates. 2) Longitude and Latitude. What do you think the average temperature in the summer would be like in Antarctica compared to the northern tip of South America?_____ b. Since latitude can be positive and negative (north and south of the Equator), and longitude can be as well (negative west of Greenwich and positive eastward) when the -180 to +180 longitude system is use. How can latitude and longitude lines help in understanding maps? 2. longitude and latitude of a location. map using lines of latitude and longitude. There are 360° of longitude (180° E ↔ 180° W) and 180° of latitude (90° N ↔ 90° S). To quote another paper:. The showPosition() function in HTML is used to locate a user's position. Find latitude and longitude by clicking a map, entering zip code/address. Teaching kids how to navigate these lines will help them understand where they are on a globe, navigate mapping systems, and also differentiate between segments of their world. Latitude lines are also known as parallels since they are parallel and are an equal distant from each other. Check your ability to use star positions to find latitude and longitude in this quiz and worksheet combo. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. prime meridian. If you've been helped by the participating expert(s), you may just convert their comment to the accepted answer and then grade and close. Good practice for all middle school students. Latitude and Longitude Converter. I place north (N La) or south (S La) latitude with each longitude, and east (E Lo) or west (W Lo) longitude with each latitude. 20° south latitude, 80° east longitude ____ 7. Simple Longitude and Latitude question? very simple question, could someone please explain to me, what the greenwich international line is and where it is found ( abouts on a map, i know it is in england!) and how to find a country using longiude and latitude. 49293" and longitude="132. Latitude and Longitude is the one of most important. Both fields are attribute of customer master. These resources will quiz you on latitude and longitude. A Question of Accuracy: ZIP Codes vs. The low latitudes are generally warm lands. GPS Coordinates Finder. It doesn't change 5. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Latitude And Longitude Answer Key. The system works simply. Cartographers and geographers trace horizontal and vertical lines called latitude and longitude across Earth's surface to locate points on the globe. Page 3 [email protected] The table below gives the latitude and longitude of dozens of U. parallel to one another. EXERCISE 2: LATITUDE and LONGITUDE LOCATING PLACES USING THE EARTH'S GRID Given specific coordinates of latitude and longitude, name the place found there. MCQ quiz on Latitude and Longitude multiple choice questions and answers on Latitude and Longitude MCQ questions quiz on Latitude and Longitude objectives questions with answer test pdf for interview preparations, freshers jobs and competitive exams. Hi, I am new to this OSM I am having set of node IDs for the china towns. Questions for thought. You can search for a place using its latitude and longitude GPS coordinates. 42 degrees North 6. Latitude and longitude are points on the globe that help you find a specific location. latitude equator is axis range is 0 to 90 how far north or south x-axis longitude prime meridian is axis range is 0 to 180 how far east or west y-axis latitude prime meridian is axis range is 0 to 90 how far north or south y-axis longitude equator is axis range is 0 to 180 how far east or west x-axis 3. latitude and longitude of point A? 22. Lines of latitude measure north-south position, with the equator at 0 degrees and the North Pole at 90 degrees North. On 20 Feb, 2013 By admin With 0 Comments. Secrets of Ancient Navigation See how people found their way across land and sea centuries ago, when they didn't have longitude! Latitude: Art and Science of 15th-Century Navigation. To locate exact places on the earth, one must look at a. Please bear with me as this is somewhat long. Simple Longitude and Latitude question? very simple question, could someone please explain to me, what the greenwich international line is and where it is found ( abouts on a map, i know it is in england!) and how to find a country using longiude and latitude. I am working on a fictional dataset with 25 features. In other words, using floats with latitude and longitude, with a single precision I can distinguish the lat/lng position of adjacent chairs in a conference room. All in all, it can be taught in a lesson to a good group in year 10, maybe a bit longer if proving step c), with practice for a couple of sessions. Your grades will be forwarded to Mr. MAKE US AWARE OF YOUR PRESENCE # Latitude #. They are simply tested on the skill. Latitude definition at Dictionary. In this latitude and longitude activity, students read a short description then examine a map which displays lines of latitude and longitude. Latitude and Longitude worksheet asking to students to label the main lines of latitude and longitude across the globe. Goals: The student will. See Latitude longitude of Maldah, West Bengal to calculate the actual geographical coordinate location of Maldah on earth. Each question will give the geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude) of a major world city, so major in fact that the cities will be the top ten 2005 population centers of the world (see my Population Quiz). Printable worksheets for teaching basic map skills. Procedure (pp. GPS Coordinates app to android to get, share, save and search map coordinates of your current location. A trivia quiz called Longitude and Latitude. you are in a boat crossing the prime Meridian. Created by: Ron Chapin Added: 2011-11-03. Is there any methods in visioGlobe that compute the lat and long from the coordinates x, y?. Latitude and longitude help you find places on a globe. These maps will give students practice at plotting locations given latitude and longitude. calculate the distance between X and Y along latitude 28. parallel C. Still, it is easy. Let R denote the radius of the earth then the distance d is calculated by:. 0625 " However on my Geocache App the same coordinates are shown as:. A tough quiz about locating things around the globe. Cartographers and geographers divide the Earth into longitudes and latitudes in order to locate points on the globe. I now have the problem >solved to my satisfaction, but remain intrigued. Understanding Location: Longitude and Latitude Geographers use longitude and latitude to identify the precise location of objects on the surface of the Earth. parallel to boundaries. Enter them properly in the second table. The minimum value or degree is 0° latitude and the maximum is 90°. Latitude and Longitude Pre‐Test Multiple Choice Directions: For questions, 1‐10 circle the answer that letter that best answers the question. Together, they form the Earth’s geographical coordinates, and represent the angular distance of any location from the center of the Earth. Do you mean longitude??? anyway The parallel lines of latitude are horizontal, running from east to west. A comprehensive database of more than 10 latitude and longitude quizzes online, test your knowledge with latitude and longitude quiz questions. How many miles between a point 30 ° South Latitude and 60 ° West Longitude and a point 30 ° South Latitude and 80 ° East Longitude? 13. Which lines run north and south along the earth's surface? Choose all that apply. GPS Coordinates Finder. The lines of latitude on a map run a. _____ _____ 2. About this Quiz & Worksheet. This dry lab accompanies the "Determining Latitude and Longitude Lab" on pages 161 – 163 of your Prentice Hall Earth Science Lab Manual. The HTML5 geolocation feature lets you find out the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude numbers) of the current location of your website's visitor. rather than teach longitude first and say that latitude problems were more difficult (as you need to add step c) and have to think harder about the diagram). The North Pole is assigned the latitude 90º north and the South Pole latitude 90º south. Latitude And Longitude - Geography MCQ. So any place on Earth can be pinpointed using its latitude (North/South value) and longitude (West/East value) coordinates. It varies from 0⁰ N to 90⁰ N and 0⁰ S to 90⁰ S. Latitude and Longitude Post‐Test Part 1 Directions: Using the word bank, choose the word that best completes the sentence. 0° latitude, 80° west longitude. It is the angular distance measured from die centre of the earth. Latitude and longitude help you find places on a globe. Data + Science. 2) Longitude and Latitude. Ask Question Asked 2 years, 8 months ago. To set the latitude and longitude, make sure the Latitude and Longitude drop downs (see image) are set correctly after clicking "Set Options". Latitude/Longitude using metric: Measured latitude/longitude coordinates are based on a decimal system (10). The essay question will be graded separately. 25° West, Respectively, And The Latitude And Longitude Of Las Vegas Are 36. To locate exact places on the earth, one must look at a. Coordinate Systems, Longitude, Latitude Can you explain pitch, roll, and yaw to me? Are there other systems for measuring an object's position in space?. Know how any location on Earth can be defined by its latitude and longitude. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Latitude And Longitude Answer Key. 1 minute of longitude = 1 nautical mile (that is the definition) = 1. Draw a line along the equator (0° latitude) & label it, & draw a line along the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) & label it. Using Google/Yahoo API, how to find the latitude and longitude values for entered area like Adyar, Chennai, India. It divides the Earth's surface into the Eastern and. A fifteen question. Latitude definition. i want to show latitude and longitude of particular place on google map mean when i click on place A ,latitude and longitude will be shown in infoWindow and when i click on place B ,latitude and longitude will be shown in infoWindow plz help mehow i can do this Thnks for help !!!!. hi guys, i really need help with the following issue, i have 1 excel sheet with all the data except with the longitude and latitude, so i have this other excel sheet with only 3 columns , province name, lat and long, i dont want to merge them, i just want to spotfire read the geolocation from that second excel sheet. Still, it is easy. You may want to use the Vocabulary page to help. Practice Questions for Quiz on Topographic Maps and Latitude and Longitude Topics covered on Quiz: analyzing topographic maps, drawing contour lines and a topographic profile, identifying the latitude and longitude of different places, and plotting correct latitude and longitudes Here are some practice topographic map problems!. _____ _____ 2. So Celestial Coordinates are to the sky, as geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude) are to the Earth. Any star will consistently reach the same highest point in the sky. (Assume that the earth is a sphere of radius 6370km)?. How do grid of the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude on the globe help in locating the place? Ans. I'm not aware of open UK gov data, but it might be an other possible source. Click here for more information. This is where you spin it most easily. In Coordinates, students learn latitude and longitude while learning t. Teaching Resource: Use this worksheet along with Google Maps to teach your students about longitude and latitude. All other longitudes must be designated either eastor west of the Prime Meridian. Together these lines create an imaginary grid that can be used to locate any point on earth. See also: Find Jurisdictions and Verify Addresses. Remind students that the maps they've used previously had letters across the top (flat) numbers going down the side (steps) of the grid. How do grid of the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude on the globe help in locating the place? Ans. Check your ability to use star positions to find latitude and longitude in this quiz and worksheet combo. MM) or degrees. The low latitudes are generally warm lands. 6°N and longitude 105. These resources will quiz you on latitude and longitude. On your computer, open Google Maps. There are many geospatial data sets that contain data with coordinates in latitude and longitude in units of degrees. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 km) apart; there is a variation due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate ellipsoid (slightly egg-shaped). Discussion Questions: (Answer in complete sentences) l. Latitude and Longitude worksheet asking to students to label the main lines of latitude and longitude across the globe. DD), degrees and decimal minutes (DD:MM. Begin with your city. Surrounded by Bangladesh, Burma. The showPosition() function in HTML is used to locate a user's position. Its height in the sky changes with the observer's latitude. What is the latitude and longitude of augusta. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This quiz will cover the basic information about latitude and longitude lines on the Earth. The following formats are supported:. Learn the difference between local time and universal time, and the various adjustments made to "clock time," e. How can latitude and longitude lines help in understanding maps? 2. Latitude comes first among latitude or longitude. Latitudes and longitudes may be entered in any of three different formats, decimal degrees (DD. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Lines of latitude On a globe of the Earth, lines of latitude are circles of different size. Lines of longitude run in a north-south direction. Although these are only imaginary lines, they appear on maps and globes as if they actually existed. An important factor in determining time zones is the lines of latitude and longitude. It seems that latitude, longitude, and altitude should be composed of two constituents, since they all describe a geographical attribute, and all end with "tude". Calculate the distance between two points on a parallel latitude. net data question about latitude and longitude. Lines of longitude measure east-west position, with 0 degrees at Greenwich, England. i want to show latitude and longitude of particular place on google map mean when i click on place A ,latitude and longitude will be shown in infoWindow and when i click on place B ,latitude and longitude will be shown in infoWindow plz help mehow i can do this Thnks for help !!!!. Latitude and longitude are imaginary lines drawn on maps which helps to locate places. There's no short-cut. I usually introduce this lesson by comparing the coordinate system of latitude-longitude to the streets of New York City. Latitude and Longitude by Shawna Dunham | Feb 10, 2017 Because it is possible to have multiple tax jurisdictions within the same ZIP code, the most accurate method for geocoding taxes is by using latitude and longitude coordinates. Android Question Longitude Latitude declaration. Formula to Find Bearing or Heading angle between two points: navigation purpose calculating angle, bearing or heading or course in GIS. Latitude and Longitude multiple choice questions and answers on Latitude and Longitude MCQ questions quiz on Latitude and Longitude questions. Students use this information to complete 3 fill in the blank questions. View the power PowerPoint on latitude and longitude. The following formats are supported:. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The low latitudes are generally warm lands. Latitude and Longitude Quiz Circle the best answer: 1. Also create index on Latitude, Longitude in RetailOutlet table. You can also find the coordinates of a place you've already found on Google Maps. For example, "such and such city" it at 2 degrees latitude and 17 degrees longitude. 1 degree lat. My inputs will be : Latitude : 35. Simple Longitude and Latitude question? very simple question, could someone please explain to me, what the greenwich international line is and where it is found ( abouts on a map, i know it is in england!) and how to find a country using longiude and latitude. Question by Bart · Dec 12, 2016 at 01:12 PM · gps ed1608 GPS latitude and longitude decimals I'm trying to config a callback in the sigfox backend to get the location of a device. In the space provided explain how you would use latitude and longitude to locate a specific city on a map. Latitude and longitude are imaginary lines drawn on maps which helps to locate places. They are also called meridians. 20° north latitude, 80° west longitude. India is the seventh largest country in the world and also ranks second in population. prime meridian. Exam Name: Longitude and Latitude QUESTIONS: Description: Longitude and Latitude QUESTIONS and Answers exams contains the questions from various competitive exams. Ask Question Asked 2 years, 8 months ago. In the results, click the vertical dots in the gray header row. Review of Geographical Coordinates. Is there an excel formula that would help me solve this?. com, an easy way to find the latitude and longitude location of any place on Earth! It's a great way to share your address, favourite locations, travel destinations, or Geocaching coordinates. I have a list of Latitude and Longitude that will be used in cell creation. the intersecting lines of latitude and longitude. Finding Latitude & Longitude or UTM Coordinates of a Point Activity 1. My question is that this seems like something that many people would have looked at already, but I think I am missing the proper keywords for a search. So you have to apply tan (lat) and then multiply with the same scale factor as in x-direction. Search for any address and find latitude and longitude on the map coordinates. To locate exact places on the earth, one must look at a. On a map or globe c. Visit the post for more. angle between two lat lon points. The format is map=XX. It varies from 0⁰ N to 90⁰ N and 0⁰ S to 90⁰ S. lines of longitude. What is the climate like at 0 degrees latitude? a. East or West from Greenwich England, wherever a place may be, Longitude gives the angular distance, scientifically. Important questions on latitude and longitude March 8, 2017 EduWorld 24 Geography, Home, PCS army clerk, central govt test, Important question on latitude and longitude for PCS/SSC, punjab govt test, SSC MTS. _____ _____ 2. For longitude, it depends on what latitude the position is at. The line at which the latitude is constant runs parallel to the equator around the globe. Before I Go on about how latitude helps us to determine climate, what is latitude? Latitude is the line that crosses from east to west on the earth and it is measured in degrees. Some of the worksheets displayed are Latitude and longitude, Latitude and longitude, Name date map skills using latitude and longitude, Finding your location throughout the world, Latitude and longitude, Student work latitude and longitude, Longitude latitude work, Longitude and latitude. Imagine a basketball, it has a pip in the grain that defines the top pole and bottom pole. Test your knowledge about Longitude and Latitude with this online quiz. Latitude and Longitude by Shawna Dunham | Feb 10, 2017 Because it is possible to have multiple tax jurisdictions within the same ZIP code, the most accurate method for geocoding taxes is by using latitude and longitude coordinates. Inspired by our recent field trip to the equatorial line in Ecuador!. Our online latitude and longitude trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top latitude and longitude quizzes. Lines of latitude On a globe of the Earth, lines of latitude are circles of different size. In practical terms for recreational navigation, there is no point in going beyond three decimal places of one minute of latitude or longitude. Give your 2nd grader some map coordinate practice with this series of fun worksheets. Latitude & Longitude: Which is Which? What is the difference between latitude and longitude? Students—and adults—often have difficulty remembering which lines are the flat lines that run across the globe parallel to the equator and which are the lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. Page 2 [email protected] GPS Coordinates Finder. 20° West, Respectively. It is the angular distance measured from die centre of the earth. Data can be mapped in EasyMapMaker with only the latitude and longitude. Inside the lines of latitude there are different types. When writing latitude and longitude, you want to make sure you format it correctly and use the right symbols so you. Define GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE. Send’thestudents’outon’the’playground’to’find’colored’flags’then’record’thelongitutde latitudecoordinatesontheirworksheet’’’. Consult appropriate maps in an atlas with detailed maps. Concept is that very first latitude and longitude will work the base for others. Assuming That The Radius Of Earth Is 6. As my students are all from New York, they generally are familiar with the system of streets and avenues, which very closely mirror the lines of latitude and longitude that are introduced in the lesson (Note: This part of the introduction is not contained in the handout). Its height in the sky changes with the observer's latitude. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 km) apart; there is a variation due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate ellipsoid (slightly egg-shaped). Children will work together in Pairs to plot each others birthdays on the map using latitude and longitude. You'll be answering questions on key topics like the lines that run across the Earth from east to west and the. These questions are the part of previous year paper. Project the Lines of Longitude diagram. So you have to apply tan (lat) and then multiply with the same scale factor as in x-direction. Start studying Latitude & Longitude. Latitude and Longitude AGE LEVEL Grades 6-9 TIME ALLOWANCE Approximately 2 hours 45 minutes OBJECTIVES 1. There is a Key provided. Procedure (pp. Latitude And Longitude Answer Key. Next Page. Adelaide is located in Australia country, in Australia continent (or region). Any point on Earth can be described with a few numbers, making lat/lon coordinates the backbone of all GPS navigators and mapping applications. What is the latitude and longitude of point L? 10. com select the location. Latitude, Longitude Name of Place 15. It's been a long time since I've taken vector calculus, but it seems like altitude, latitude, and longitude are (closely related to) spherical coordinates. There's no short-cut. 1- Take very first latitude and longitude , assume it center latitude-longitude and create a square of 300 X 300 foot around this. Start studying Longitude latitude. This quiz will determine whether you can use latitude and longitude properly to find absolute locations on the earth. Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth's surface can be determined and described. This system was first invented by the Ancient Greek astronomer Hipparchus around 190-120 BC. Learning latitude and longitude is important, and not just for young cartographers! Being able to plot points on a grid carries over to geometry, science, and other fields where kids have to wrestle with data. One of these is the equator. Please note, you will need the maps of the region involved. Cartographers and geographers divide the Earth into longitudes and latitudes in order to locate points on the globe. Same as latitude at the equator, smaller than latitude as you move away from the equator towards the poles. Two other special lines of latitude are the 30th parallels. Questions for thought. Latitude lines run sideways with the equator. Please bear with me as this is somewhat long. Latitude and Longitude Post‐Test Part 1 Directions: Using the word bank, choose the word that best completes the sentence. This question is public and is used in 427 tests or worksheets. If you've been helped by the participating expert(s), you may just convert their comment to the accepted answer and then grade and close. I'm trying to calculate distance between two points, using latitude longitude and altitude (elevation). latitude and longitude - Special Lines of Latitude and Longitude - Several lines of latitude have special significance. Simple Longitude and Latitude question? very simple question, could someone please explain to me, what the greenwich international line is and where it is found ( abouts on a map, i know it is in england!) and how to find a country using longiude and latitude. I could have easily listed dozens of other places. The lines of latitude and longitude form an. Sheet also contains extension questions which increase in difficulty. Click here for more information. Let's say that your latitude and longitude for the event, for lookup purposes, will be rounded to the nearest 1 degree, or 3 degree, or 5 degree point. It seems that latitude, longitude, and altitude should be composed of two constituents, since they all describe a geographical attribute, and all end with "tude". 17° North And 115. Essential Question: "What is Latitude and Longitude?" •Activity 1: On the World Map Handout Outs, as a class, we will locate the latitude and longitude described in the story. An important factor in determining time zones is the lines of latitude and longitude. About This Quiz & Worksheet. Question by Bart · Dec 12, 2016 at 01:12 PM · gps ed1608 GPS latitude and longitude decimals I'm trying to config a callback in the sigfox backend to get the location of a device. Latitude and Longitude. My inputs will be : Latitude : 35. Which coordinate gives us information about east-west position - latitude or longitude? What is the name of the reference or zero line for latitude? for longitude? Is the Earth's equatorial plane perpendicular to its axis of rotation or does it mark the plane of the Earth's orbit around the Sun?. A Question of Accuracy: ZIP Codes vs. Here you can find Aptitude interview questions with answers and explanation. SHOW YOIJR WORK. map using lines of latitude and longitude. This is the general knowledge questions and answers with discussion section on "World Geography" with explanation for various interview, competitive examination and entrance test. Specifically, it is the angle between a plane through the Prime Meridian and a plane through both poles and the location in question. Aptitude Questions With Answers for Time[1] 1)APTITUDE TEST: Questions = 82 ; time limit = 90 minutes. ask questions, and connect with other teachers. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels. I could have easily listed dozens of other places. Earth Longitude. Important questions on latitude and longitude March 8, 2017 EduWorld 24 Geography, Home, PCS army clerk, central govt test, Important question on latitude and longitude for PCS/SSC, punjab govt test, SSC MTS. 8) Now its time to put it all together - to find a city's latitude and longitude coordinates. Here you can find Aptitude interview questions with answers and explanation. Any star will consistently reach the same highest point in the sky. It majorly helps in creating time zones, pinpoint the location of ships in oceans, location on land which doesnt have indications (like deserts, forests). Just copy the values for longitude and latitude. This system was first invented by the Ancient Greek astronomer Hipparchus around 190-120 BC. The format is map=XX. I place north (N La) or south (S La) latitude with each longitude, and east (E Lo) or west (W Lo) longitude with each latitude. It extends from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England. parallel to one another. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: